THE BOOK OF DEUTERONOMY
1. The Final Book of Moses
In Genesis we have the beginning, the fall of man, and the origin of this Nation.
In Exodus - The deliverance of the Nation - REDEMPTION by blood and the power of God.
In Leviticus - The life of the Nation - COMMUNION on the grounds of the atonement.
In Numbers - Test of the Nation - learn to follow God's direction.
In Deuteronomy - Reminders to the Nation - final preparation to go into Canaan, the Promised Land.
2. Its Name: Deuteronomy gets its name from the Greek meaning "Second Law". The Jewish people refer to it as the "repetition of the Law", and most appropriately we would call it the Book of Remembrance. Deuteronomy is then an adaptation and expansion of the original Law given from Mr. Sinai to the New Generation.
Key word: COVENANT - The primary theme of the entire Book of Deuteronomy is the renewal of the covenant established at Mt. Sinai - renewed on the Plains of Moab.
Survey of Deuteronomy
The Book of Deuteronomy has three main topics:
What God has done Chapters 1 - 4; What God Expected of Israel Chapters 5 - 26; What God Will Do Chapters 27-34;
NOTE: Jesus and the Apostles quoted from Deuteronomy most often: There are more than 80 references to this book in the New Testament.
What God Had Done For Israel Chapters 1 - 4
A. Review: Chapter 1 The review of Gods promise to Israel. Verse 8
Reviewing the incident at Kadesh-barean. Ver. 32
B. God Punishes Israel: Chapters 2 & 3 - The
years in the Wilderness. Chapter 4 - Moses exhorts the people to be obedient,
giving them a summary of the Covenant. The review of the Nation's history from
Sinai to Jordan should teach us to be students of History, that we may learn
What God Expected of Israel Chapters 5 - 26
A. He expected Obedience: Chapter 5:1
Let us keep in mind that a Covenant is a
"mutual" consent or agreement of two or more persons to do or to forbear some
act or thing; a contract; a writing containing the terms of agreement.
(Webster's Dictionary) These chapters deal with Israel's responsibility toward
their Covenant with the Lord God. Chapter 6:4-9
B. The Command To: Teach the Law Chapter 6 Conquer Canaan Chapter 7 To Remember the Lord Chapter 8 About Self-Righteousness Chapter 9 Regarding Blessings & Cursings Chapter 10; Study & Obey Chapter 11.
Victory depends upon keeping all of these commandments. (Verse 22 Chapter 11)
C. Additional Laws to Keep: Ceremonial Laws Chapter 12 Idolatry Chapter 13 Food & Tithes Chapter 14 Debts, Slaves, Firstlings Chapter 15 Feasts, Civil Laws & Judges Chapter 16 Administration of the King Chapter 17 Priests & Prophets Chapter 18 Cities of Refuge & Wilderness Chapter 19 Warfare Chapter 20 Social Laws Chapter 21 & 22 Acceptance into Congregation Chapter 23 Harmony in the Nation Chapter 23-25 Tithes & Vows Chapter 26
What God Will Do For Israel Chapters 27-30
Chapter 28 - Promised Blessings. Ver 2.
Chapter 29 - The Covenant is based on the Power
Parties of the Covenant - Ver. 14
Chapter 30 - Ratification of the Palestinian Covenant. Ver. 19
Re-read Chapter 10 verses 12-13.
Chapter 31 - The transition of the Covenant's Mediator. Joshua commissioned as Moses's successor. Chapter 32 - The Song of Moses - then Moses is ordered to Mount Nebo. Chapter 33 - Moses Blesses the Tribes. Chapter 34 - Moses views the Promised Land, dies and Israel is mourning. Joshua succeeds Moses.
Christ of Deuteronomy Chapter 18:15; Moses is a figure of Christ in many ways. Both were in danger of death during childhood; both are saviours, intercessors, and both are rejected by their brethren. Read Hebrews 11:23-29
1. What does Deuteronomy mean?
2. What are the 3 main topics of Deuteronomy?
3. What is the Key Word?
4. What does this Key word mean?
5. What is the basic requirement of the Book?
6. List five ways of describing Moses' character?
FOR NEXT WEEK Read Joshua